here is a place for sprite chart, timetoast and vocabulary


Vocab-Mia
Boxer Rebellion
  • The secet society known as "The righteous and harmonious Fists" announces its intention to kill the "foreign devils" plaguing China
Sun Yat-sen
  • Chinese nationalist revolutionary, founder and leader of the Guomindang untill his death. He attempted to create a liberal demoratic political movement in China but was thwarted by military leaders.
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Chinese military and political leader. Succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang in 1925; headed the Chinese government from 1928 to 1949; fought against the Chinese Communists and Japanese invaders. After 1949 he headed the Chinese Nationalist government in Taiwan.
Mao Zedong
  • Leader of the Chinese Communist Party. He led the Communists on the Long March and rebuilt the Communist Party and Red Army during the Japanese occupation of China. After WWII, he led the Communists to victory over the Guomindang. He ordered the Cultural Revolution in 1966.
Long March
  • The 6000 mile flight of Chinese communists from southeastern to north-western China. The communists, led by Mao Zedong, were pursued by the Chinese army under orders from Chiang Kai-shek. The four thousand survivors of the march formed the nucleus of a revived Communist movement that defeated the Guomindang after WWII.
Cultural Revolution
  • Campaign in China ordered by Mao Zedong to purge the Communist Party of his opponents and instill revolutionary values in the younger generation.
Chinese Red guards
  • Young Chinese militants sought to identify enemies of the Communist Party and Chairman Mao. They sometimes labeled their own teachers, parents, and neighbors as enemies of the people.
Deng Xiaoping
  • Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong
Tiananmen Square
  • Site in Beijing where Chinese students and workers gathered to demand greater political openness in 1089. The demonstration was crushed by Chinese military with great loss of life.

Timeline- Alex
Pre-1908 (Cixi)--Farming (veggies and grains), "Landlords and small divided groups," no solid central governmental system, but lots of agricultural/natural resources (JAPAN: high populations, little land, skewed class, need for natural resources, look to China as an answer)
1908- Sun Yat-sen--influenced by World governments (US, Europe, etc.), takes over after Cixi passes away
1926--Chiang Kaishek was the leader of military and head of Guomindang after Yat-sen.
1934--Long March--Assembled marches promoting the Communist Party, lead by Mao Zedong
1937-1945--Japan and China: 2nd Sino-Japanese War (WWII): 1945 Japan lost, but was able to take coastal Provinces, but surrendered when US decided to be involved against them too (Pearl Harbor).
1949--After Chiang Kai-shek's failed attempt to take down communist party during WWII, he retreats to Taiwan
1953--Stalin dies: therefore Mao is the oldest Communist leader and, based on Confucianism, should succeed him. SU disagrees, so China & Soviets separate
1958--Great Leap Forward--economic campaign of Communist Party (agrarian economy to modern communist society through industrialization of peasant class (dominate revolution: build society) and collectivization (no private farming)):::Reform and opening UP (more democratic) (in Russia they build industrialization on urban workers)
1966-1976--Cultural Revolution--Communist Party becomes strong and is promoted by Red Guards (young supporters) and youth of China
1978--Deng Xiaoping--Succeeds Mao in leading Communist Party, believed and enforced economic reforms, so that China became more involved in world economic affairs
1989--Tiananmen Square--many students and workers demanded more political openness, China's military destroyed movement